Figure 1: Workers Vs Leaders Vs Managers (Source: Burdett 2015).
Management and leadership play an important role in achieving the goals of the organisation. Managers are the one that are responsible in monitoring the development of the team in getting the work done (Mullins 2013). For leaders, they are the one that influence the attitudes and decisions of the team in achieving the same vision together (Yukl 2010). Management and leadership may be similar but it is different in term of how one uses it. Both management and leadership consist of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling. The only difference is that leadership will also include the vision, passion and influence (Kelly 2015: 7).
Table 1: Differences of Manger and Leader (Source: Bennis 2009).
Figure 2: Leaders vs Managers (Source: Sankaranarayanan 2014).
Having a good leadership style is beneficial for a leader in leading and managing the team. In order to be successful, the leader must first understand the team and at the same time able to implement the best approach in managing the team. It is also stated there are no best leadership styles because it depends on the circumstances and also the personality of the leader (CMI 2013).
The video about the “Dancing Guy” is a good example of how the behaviour of a leader can influence the actions of others. In the beginning, when he started dancing suddenly, no one was willing to join. The unwillingness of people depends on each individual personality and also their psychological states at that time. After much time and effort, one after another, each viewer had started dancing as well. In the end of the video, the leader was able to influence most of the viewers that were there and their personality had changed compared to at the beginning of the video.
Video 1: First Follower: Leadership Lessons from Dancing Guy (Source: Sivers 2010).
Video 2: Leadership Styles (Source: CommLab India 2011).
Authoritarian (or autocratic) leadership style is where the leaders make their own plans and have control on the development of the team. Leaders making their own plan mean that the risk is reduced and they are in control of all the decisions. However, if the gap between the leaders and the team is too wide, then communication between them will be affected (Cherry 2015a).
Democratic leadership style is considered the most effective in an organisation. This style enables both the leaders and the team to communicate with each other for decision making. The only problem with this style is that it takes a long time in making the final decision (Money-Zine 2016).
Laissez-faire (or genuine) leadership style is where the leaders allow the team to freely make their own individual decision (Cherry 2016). This style is useful when the employees have been trained properly and very experienced in their work. The problem with this style is that without any leadership and supervision especially for those that are not properly trained, it may lead to low productivity, lack in control and the costs may even increase (Johnson 2016).
Figure 3: Autocratic, Laissez-faire, and Democratic Leadership Style (Source: Kellie 2013).
Figure 4: Leadership Styles (Source: Mehta 2014).
Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon uses the authoritative leadership style in leading in his team. It is said that he is someone who can inspire and persuade others but at the same time also irritate and criticize others as well (Kaplan 2011). It can be seen that many that follows him sometimes quit due to being overwhelm with workload (Rosenbaum 2014). However, many of his followers still look up to him and are inspired by his vision in being the world’s most consumer-centric company that meets the customer’s expectation (Entrepreneur 2008).
Figure 5: Jeff Bezos (Source: Weisenthal 2013).
Bill Gates is also a great leader who uses a mix of authoritative, delegate and also participation style throughout his business. He takes into account the opinions from his employees in order to build trust and loyalty between him and his employees (Khan 2015). He also stated that for the best solution, one way will be to have a competitive atmosphere. He is also considered to be a leader that is able to influence the transformation of the world (Mirror Business 2015).
Figure 6: Bill Gates (Source: LeClaire 2012).
Figure 7: The 7 Leadership Styles Displayed by Great Leaders (Source: Savonije 2015).
In my opinion, I will believe that the transformational leadership is the most effective approach to managing and leading the team to be successful in achieving the goals. They are the ones that not only create the vision, they are also the ones that integrate both the commitment and change to the team in order to achieve future goals (Pachamama Alliance 2016).
Transformational leaders are ones that go beyond self-interest by having a deep understanding of organisations and their followers and achieving a change in the organisation (Morgan 1989). Leaders who adopt this approach are able to inspire others and have a positive effect on their followers. They are also considered as being charismatic, energetic, enthusiastic, and also passionate in changing and leading the organisations (Cherry 2015b).
Figure 8: Transformational Leadership (Source: Murray 2015).
Therefore, I will agree with the term as stated by CMI in 2013 where there are no leadership styles that are ideal for a leader to use because the best approach may be different depending on the circumstances and personality of the individual.
Bennis, W. (2009) On Becoming a Leader New York: Basic Book [online] available from < http://dr-meshaal.com/leadership/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/On-Becoming-a-leader.pdf > [6 March 2016]
Burdett, L (2015) Workers Vs Leaders Vs Managers [online] available from < https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/workers-vs-leaders-managers-lance-burdett > [8 March 2016]
Cherry, K. (2015a) What Is Autocratic Leadership? [online] available from < http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/autocratic-leadership.htm > [8 March 2016]
Cherry, K. (2015b) What Is Transformational Leadership? [online] available from < http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/transformational.htm > [6 March 2016]
Cherry, K. (2016) What Is Laissez-Faire Leadership? [online] available from < http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/laissez-faire-leadership.htm > [5 March 2016]
CMI (2013) Understanding Management Styles Checklist 236 [online] available from < https://www.managers.org.uk/~/media/Files/Campus%20CMI/Checklists%20First%20Management%20Role/Understanding%20management%20styles.ashx > [7 March 2016]
CommLab India (2011) Leadership Styles [online] available from < https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hPfRKu05bkQ > [5 March 2016]
Entrepreneur (2008) Growth Strategies: Jeff Bezos the King of E-Commerce [online] available from < http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/197608 > [6 March 2016]
Johnson, R. (2016) 5 Different Types of Leadership Styles [online] available from < http://smallbusiness.chron.com/5-different-types-leadership-styles-17584.html > [7 March 2016]
Kaplan, S. (2011) ‘Persistence is Best Predictor of CEO Success: Steven N. Kaplan’. Bloomberg [online] 26 October. available from < http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2011-10-26/persistence-is-best-predictor-of-ceo-success-steven-n-kaplan > [8 March 2016]
Kellie, R. (2013) What Leadership Style Are YOU? available from < http://kelliesweeklydose.blogspot.my/2013/03/what-leadership-style-are-you.html > [6 March 2016]
Kelly, J. (2015) ‘Change Your Management Mindset’. Supervision [online] 76 (10), 7-9. available from < http://www.ebscohost.com > [6 March 2016]
Khan, S. (2015) What makes Bill Gates a great leader [online] available from < http://theyouthimpact.org/what-makes-bill-gates-a-great-leader/ > [5 March 2016]
LeClaire, J. (2012) Bill Gates: Windows 8 Key to Where Personal Computing Is Going [online] available from < http://www.mobile-tech-today.com/article/index.php?story_id=85348 > [4 March 2016]
Mehta, D. (2014) What’s your Leadership Style? [online] available from < https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20140827151856-84155105-what-s-your-leadership-style > [4 March 2016]
Mirror Business (2015) Bill Gate’s Transactional Leadership Style [online] available from <http://www.dailymirror.lk/75949/bill-gate-s-transactional-leadership-style> [6 March 2016]
Money-Zine (2016) Democratic Leadership [online] available from < http://www.money-zine.com/career-development/leadership-skill/democratic-leadership/ > [6 March 2016]
Morgan, G. (1989) Creative Organization Theory. Newbury Park, CA: Sage
Mullins, L.J. (2013) Management & Organisational Behaviour. 10th edn. Harlow: Pearson
Murray, R. M. (2015) Transformational Theory Page [online] available from < https://wikispaces.psu.edu/display/P5PFL/TRANSFORMATIONAL+Theory+Page > [5 March 2016]
Pachamama Alliance (2016) Transformational Leadership [online] available from < http://www.pachamama.org/transformational-leadership > [6 March 2016]
Rosenbaum, S. (2014) ‘Leading From Behind: The Secrets to Jeff Bezos’ Success’. Forbes [online] 10 February. available from < http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevenrosenbaum/2014/02/10/leading-from-behind/ > [6 March 2016]
Sankaranarayanan, S. (2014) Leader Vs. Manager– What Is The Connecting Thread? [online] available from <http://www.managementguru.net/leader-vs-manager/> [5 March 2016]
Savonije, W. (2015) 7 Different Leadership Styles [online] available from < http://www.great-companion.com/inspiratieblog/2015/9/7/7-different-leadership-styles > [7 March 2016]
Sivers, D. (2010) First Follower: Leadership Lessons from Dancing Guy [online] available from < https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fW8amMCVAJQ > [6 March 2016]
Weisenthal, J. (2013) Jeff Bezos Invests In Business Insider [Full Internal Memo] [online] available from < http://www.businessinsider.com/jeff-bezos-invests-in-business-insider-2013-4?IR=T&r=US&IR=T > [6 March 2016]
Yukl, G. (2010) Leadership in Organizations. 7th edn. New Jersey: Pearson Education